‘Hungarians abroad’ – migrant survey
The second stage of the pilot research started in early June 2013 in Hungary. In this phase of the study we approach migrants reached through the LFS households with a short online or telephone-based questionnaire. Due to the special methodology applied in the research, migrants included in the survey properly represent all persons emigrating from the given country, so their characteristics reflect the characteristics of the whole migrant population. As a result, we hope to learn more about people leaving Hungary for a shorter or longer period of time. Knowing more about the demographic characteristics of these migrants (age, sex, marital status, level of education, employment status, etc.) as well as their motives and experiences will help us understand migratory trends. Read the research report about the two stages of the pilot study here.
Read more about the pilot research in Hungary
The Hungarian LFS-SEEMIG survey was conducted in January – March 2013, with over 300 interviewers all over the country. In order to collect a sufficiently large number of migrants (but still keeping the resulting sample representative), the questionnaire was designed to identify three separate (although not mutually exclusive) groups of migrants linked to the household. First, current members of the households who live abroad at present were identified. Secondly, previous members who moved abroad from the LFS household were listed, and finally each emigrated sibling of each household-member were recorded. After identifying these persons and collecting information about their country of residence, purpose of emigration, duration of their stay abroad, the interviewers asked for some contact details to the migrants. This information was crucial for our purposes since these details allowed us to carry out the migrant survey which was the second step of our research. Naturally, asking for such personal data was a challenging task for the interviewer and it was also a phase of our project that raised confidentiality issues. To handle the situation and following the statement provided by the responsible national authorities, the DRI SEEMIG team produced a Data Protection Protocol that covers all the sensitive stages of the survey as well as the data-processing. For example we started the migrant questionnaire by asking for an informed consent of the sampled person to ensure maximum trust between respondents and researchers in this study.
Read the research report on the first and second stages of the study here.
The first phase of the pilot research in Serbia was completed early April 2013. After that colleagues at the SORS was actively working on data cleaning and weighting – applying the methodology proposed by the Hungarian partners. From the preliminary results it can already be seen that the survey has successfully reached a sufficiently high number of migrants although (as it was expected) respondents’ willingness to provide contact information to their relatives was not very high. Together with processing data from the first phase, preparation of the second phase is also under way in Belgrade. The Hungarian version of the migrant-questionnaire (translated into English) went through the necessary modifications to meet the Serbian circumstances as well as academic needs of the Serbian research community. With this newly developed research tool the migrants identified through the LFS-SEEMIG survey was approached in late July, early August 2013. Read the research report about the two stages of the pilot study here.
Read more about the pilot research in Serbia
Following the common methodology, the pilot study was linked to the LFS in Serbia, too. From this year on, the LFS in Serbia is going to be carried out three times using a sample of 10,309 households each time, and the SEEMIG extension was adjusted to the first wave this year. The survey lasted for 14 days. The sample, the survey’s duration, number of interviewers, the controllers, as well as the manner of implementation was the same as for the LFS survey. Adaptation of a survey designed in a different social setting is always a challenging task and it was especially the case with the SEEMIG questionnaire. The survey is a very complex one and - since it was prepared for CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interviews) in its original form - it was not adjusted to a paper questionnaire. Therefore, the first challenge was adjusting the questionnaire to a paper form, while covering all the questions, leaps and respecting all categories of migrants mentioned in the questionnaire. Another substantial difference between the Hungarian and the Serbian survey is that in Serbia many of the interviews are run via the telephone rather than face to face. This makes the original questionnaire’s size problematic. Similarly to Hungary, getting contact data is expected to be the major challenge in this survey, because people might be afraid to give contact data for persons abroad. One of the reasons is lack of trust, the fact that respondents might not want their relatives abroad to be disturbed, and we also believe lack of information to be a key reason for non-cooperation. To improve this situation, a media campaign was organised in Serbia to promote a better outreach to migrants which will hopefully result in a higher number of contact details To achieve maximum data-quality and to help interviewers to handle potentially difficult interview-situations, extensive training-sessions were organised. In the 3-day session the first day was dedicated to the heads of Regional Offices, while interviewers and controllers participated in the second and third day. The presentations covered the purpose and the significance of the SEEMIG study, the link between the LFS questionnaire and the questionnaire on migration and the main definitions applied in the survey. A demonstration of the interview process was also provided within an imaginary household that has various categories of migrants to report on.
Read the research report about the two stages of the pilot study here.
Out-migration: pilot research in Hungary and Serbia
Since increasing our knowledge about out-migration is a top priority in SEEMIG, an innovative methodology has been developed by project partners to find out about the main characteristics of emigrant population.Increasing our knowledge about out-migration is a top priority in SEEMIG. For this, project partners have developed new and innovative methodology. The idea was to make use of a big, representative data collection to find households whose members (or relatives of members) moved abroad. In the second stage of the research we contact these persons with a more detailed survey about their (out)-migration experiences. A key aspect of the method is that these emigrants (under certain conditions) properly represent all persons emigrating from the given country, so their characteristics reflect the characteristics of the whole migrant population. The pilot study using this innovative methodology is carried out in Hungary and Serbia. With lessons learnt, we are aiming to provide a best practice that could be implemented in other European countries. The data collection is based on the Labour Force Survey, which has the advantage that it is carried out in all European countries, this being the key to standardized data collection methods and a substantial sample size to carry out the migrant survey. Read about the Data Protection Protocol of the research here.
SEEMIG Managing Migration and its Effects in South-East Europe - Transnational Actions Towards Evidence Based Strategies
The project is funded under the 3rd call of the South East Europe Programme.
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